K. R. Venugopal’s analysis on National Food Security Act 2013

K. R. Venugopal’s analysis on National Food Security Act 2013

The concept of food security that has evolved over the decades is represented by the formulation, as the FAO put it in 2002, that food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food which meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. Household food security is the application of this concept to the family level, with individuals within households as the focus of concern. We can strengthen this further by the understanding that nutrition security is the bigger whole of which food security is a part.

In simple terms we may say that food security is about hunger and all that it implies while nutrition security is about hidden hunger and all that it implies and people need a security from both these onslaughts. A balanced diet of foods like cereals, pulses, oil, oil seeds, vegetables, fruits, milk and flesh foods in sufficient and adequately balanced quantities, which provide us with the nutrients like proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals would answer the needs of food and nutrition security. Where such a security is not achieved in a daily diet, serious health hazards occur like anemia, failure of immunity to a variety of infections and other manifestations of diseases including morbidity…

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